121.10_English_vision health problem across lifespan

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List eye problems commonly occurring in teenagers ,at middle age and in later life

firstly,小孩主要一类是先天性疾病。一类是常见病。先天性疾病主要有先天性白内障、先天性青光眼、还有先天性视网膜疾病。视网膜疾病相当对少见。后天常见的疾病就是在少年的时候出现的斜视弱视还有近视。

secondly,青少年和青年人主要是干眼症和视疲劳;

next,中年人会出现老花眼、白内障、青光眼。

lastly,老年人以白内障和黄斑变性。

otherwise,许多慢性疾病有眼部的表现发生在不同年龄段,比如糖尿病视网膜病变。

Firstly, the main categories of children are congenital diseases and common diseases. The main congenital diseases are congenital cataract, congenital glaucoma, and congenital retinal disease. Retinal diseases are quite rare.

Secondly, the common acquired diseases are strabismus amblyopia and myopia that occur in adolescents. In adolescents and young adults, dry eye and visual fatigue are the main causes.

Next, middle-aged people will have presbyopia, cataracts, and glaucoma.

lastly, the elderly have cataracts and macular degeneration.

otherwise, many chronic diseases have ocular manifestations occurring in different age groups, such as diabetic retinopathy.

Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

words&expression

amblyopia 弱视:image-20220307171635882

  • 外文名

    amblyopia

  • 就诊科室

    眼科

  • 多发群体

    幼儿

  • 常见病因

    斜视、屈光不正或屈光间质混浊

  • 常见症状

    视力和屈光异常、分读困难、眼球运动障碍等

一种1视觉发育相关性疾病。是由于视觉发育期内由于异常视觉经验(单眼斜视、屈光参差、高度屈光不正)引起的单眼或者双眼最佳矫正视力下降,眼部检查无器质性病变。

strabismus 斜视image-20220307171433560

  • 别 名

    斜眼

  • 外文名

    strabismus

  • 就诊科室

    眼科

  • 多发群体

    幼儿

  • 常见发病部位

  • 常见病因

    遗传、眼内直肌张力减低、眼肌力不平衡等

  • 常见症状

    内斜视、外斜视、上下斜视

refractive error 屈光不正

  • 外文名

    refractive errors

  • 别 名

    屈光异常、折射错、屈光不同

  • 就诊科室

    眼科

  • 常见发病部位

  • 常见病因

    遗传因素、不合理用眼

  • 常见症状

    近视、远视、视力疲劳症状、散光

    image-20220307171847772

  • 传染性

    image-20220307171748032

vision screening 视力筛查

glaucoma 青光眼

急性闭角型青光眼的发生,是由于眼内房角突然狭窄或关闭,房水不能及时排出,引起房水涨满,眼压急剧升高而造成的。多发于中老年人,40岁以上占90%,女性发病率较高,男女比例为1:4

慢性闭角型青光眼

发病年龄30岁以上。此型发作一般都有明显的诱因,如情绪激动、视疲劳、用眼及用脑过度、长期失眠

.原发性开角型青光眼

多发生于40岁以上的人,25%的患者有家族史,绝大多数患者无明显症状,常常是疾病发展到晚期,视功能严重受损时才发觉,


diabetic retinopathy 糖尿病视网膜病变image-20220307172209556

ocular 眼睛的

age-related macular degeneration 年龄相关性黄斑变性image-20220307172324873

患者多为50岁以上,双眼先后发病或同时发病,并且进行性损害视力,严重影响老年人的生存质量,是发达国家老年人致盲最主要的原因。

blood sugar 血糖

lipids 油脂

image-20220307172125859

眼部疾病

眼睑病

睑腺炎hordeolum

泪器病

眼表疾病

结膜疾病

角膜病

巩膜病

晶状体病

青光眼

葡萄膜病

玻璃体疾病

视网膜疾病

视路疾病

屈光不正

斜视与弱视

眼眶疾病

眼外伤

全身疾病的眼部表现

讲稿

MORNING gays,today I will share you eye problems commonly occurring in teenagers,at middle age and in later life.

During the teenage years,the body is rapidly changing. Unique vision issues can develop between the age of 13 and 18,which are commonly linked to development during puberty.

There are some of the most common teen eye issue,such as shortsightedness,Astigmatism and so on.

Then at the middle age ,people may suffer from presbyopia,because the reduce eye regulation.

Another one is Glaucoma,which causes by the increased intraocular pressure.

Next one,Cataracts. Cataracts originate from clouding of lens,caused by abnormalities in the eye’s metabolism.

AMD ,age-related macular degeneration of the central part of the retina,which is common in people 60 years and older.

thanks,that’s all.


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